Art is a vast subject that has many technicalities and terminologies. One such term that is less talked about but holds immense importance in the world of art is “ground.” Many beginners in art often wonder about the meaning and significance of this term. In this article, we will cover everything you need to know about ground in art.
What is Ground?
Ground in art refers to the surface on which the artist applies the paint or any other medium. It is the base layer on which the artwork is created. The ground can be of any material- paper, canvas, wood, or even metal. The type of ground used depends on the medium and the desired outcome.
Types of Ground
There are several types of ground used in art. Some of them are:
1. Gesso Ground
Gesso is a white primer made of chalk, gypsum, and glue. It is applied on canvas or wood to create a smooth and even surface for painting. Gesso ground is commonly used in oil painting and acrylic painting.
2. Watercolor Ground
Watercolor ground is a special type of primer used for watercolor painting. It is applied on paper to prevent it from absorbing the watercolor pigment. The watercolor ground creates a barrier that keeps the pigment on the surface of the paper, giving it a vibrant and intense look.
3. Pastel Ground
Pastel ground is a gritty surface used for pastel painting. It is made of a mixture of pumice or marble dust, binder, and pigment. The rough surface of the pastel ground helps the pastel pigment adhere to the surface, allowing for more layers and depth.
Importance of Ground
The ground plays a vital role in the final outcome of the artwork. It affects the texture, color, and overall look of the painting. A smooth and even ground creates a crisp and polished look, while a rough ground creates a more textured and layered look. Choosing the right ground for the medium and the desired outcome is crucial for a successful artwork.
Preparing the Ground
Preparing the ground is an essential step in creating the artwork. It involves applying the primer or base layer on the surface. The process of preparing the ground varies depending on the medium and the type of ground used. For example, preparing a canvas for oil painting involves applying multiple layers of gesso to create an even surface.
Ground and Layering
Ground and layering go hand in hand in the world of art. The ground is the first layer on which the artwork is created, followed by multiple layers of paint or other medium. Each layer interacts with the ground, affecting the final outcome of the artwork. The ground acts as a foundation for the layers, providing stability and texture to the overall piece.
In conclusion, ground is an essential aspect of art that is often overlooked. It is the base layer on which the artwork is created and affects the final outcome of the piece. Choosing the right ground for the medium and the desired outcome is crucial for a successful artwork. Preparing the ground and layering the paint or medium on top of it creates a textured and layered look that adds depth and complexity to the artwork.